Ontario government cancels minimum wage rise, rolls back worker protections

by | Oct 24, 2018 | 0 comments

Ontario’s provincial government has pledged to roll back planned minimum wage increases and worker protections, included in Bill 148.

It also committed to initiating an orderly wind-down of the Ontario College of Trades and other changes to apprenticeship handling, which it called “a source of unnecessary and burdensome complexity for skilled trades employment in the province.”

While the minimum wage increase to $14/hour that came into force earlier this year under the previous Ontario government will remain, the rise to $15 scheduled for January 1, 2019 has been cancelled. The government has stated that it plans to institute and inflation-based rise starting in 2020.

The province said it consulted with dozens of employers and labour unions in its review of Bill 148.

Business had argued that the rapid rise from $11/hour had created significant stresses on their business, and not only from the rise to minimum wage workers. In many businesses, the expected rise to $15/hour had precipitated wage rises for those who had been earning at or just above that level prior to Bill 148 coming into force. That is, employers that had been paying 20%-plus more than minimum wage to some workers before the new higher minimum wage, felt pressure to maintain a gap between the minimum wage and those wage rates after the change.

The new changes also roll back provisions for increases in sick leave as well on-call and shift cancellation provisions that provided stability for workers but were seen to limit employer flexibility.

The changes with Bill 148 also added an administrative burden in a number of areas that Ontario’s government had pledged to remove.

Below is a list of the changes intended once the legislation passes:

Employment Standards Act, 2000 (ESA)

Minimum Wage

  • Keeping the minimum wage at $14 on January 1, 2019.
  • Not rolling back any previous minimum wage increase.
  • Establishing a 33-month pause in minimum wage increases with annual increases to the minimum wage, tied to inflation, to restart in 2020.


  • Repealing the following scheduling provisions that will come into force on January 1, 2019:
    • Right to request changes to schedule or work location after an employee has been employed for at least three months.
    • Minimum of three hours’ pay for being on-call if the employee is available to work but is not called in to work, or works less than three hours.
    • Right to refuse requests or demands to work or to be on-call on a day that an employee is not scheduled to work or to be on-call with less than 96 hours’ notice.
    • Three hours’ pay in the event of cancellation of a scheduled shift or an on-call shift within 48 hours before the shift was to begin.
    • The record-keeping requirements that relate to the above-noted scheduling provisions.

Three Hour Rule

  • Modifying and moving the existing three-hour rule to a new section of the ESA. Where an employee who regularly works more than three hours a day is required to report to work, but works less than three hours, the employee would be paid for three hours.

Personal Emergency Leave

  • Replacing the previous government’s disastrous Personal Emergency Leave reforms with a straightforward package of annual leave days for every worker.
  • Enshrining, for the first time in Ontario’s history, the right of every worker to take up to three days for personal illness, two for bereavement and three for family responsibilities – in line with what workers receive in Alberta.
  • Preserving the right of every worker in Ontario to receive three weeks of paid vacation after five years.
  • Protecting current paid leave provisions for cases of domestic and sexual violence affecting an employee or an employee’s child.
  • Repealing the provision that prohibits employers from requiring an employee to provide a medical note from a qualified health practitioner. Employers would have the right to require evidence of entitlement to the leave that is reasonable in the circumstances (e.g., a note from a qualified health practitioner).

Public Holiday Pay

  • Repealing the averaging public holiday pay formula prescribed by Bill 148 and return to the previous prorating public holiday pay formula.


  • Repealing the requirement for the employer to prove that an individual is not an employee (“reverse onus”) where there is a dispute over whether the individual is an employee.

Equal Pay for Equal Work

  • Repealing equal pay for equal work on the basis of employment status (part-time, casual, and temporary) and assignment employee status (temporary help agency status).
  • Maintaining the requirement for equal pay on the basis of sex.

Sheltered Workshops

  • Delaying the January 1, 2019 repeal of the exclusion from the ESA of individuals who perform work in a simulated job or working environment if the primary purpose is the individual’s rehabilitation. The repeal would instead come into force on proclamation.

Penalties for Contravention

  • The government is returning to the previous administrative penalties for contraventions of the ESA by decreasing the maximum penalties from $350/$700/$1500 to $250/$500/$1000, respectively.

Labour Relations Act (LRA)

The government is proposing the following changes to the LRA:

Card-based Certification

  • Repealing the rules that forced card-based certification on the workers in home care, building services, and temporary help agencies. Instead the government will preserve the right of these workers to vote through a secret ballot.

Employee Lists

  • Protecting Ontarians’ privacy and personal information by repealing the rules that forced an employer to hand over their employees’ personal information to a union, even if only 20% of the workers showed interest in joining a union.

Remedial Certification

  • Reinstating pre-Bill 148 test and preconditions for the OLRB to certify a union as remedy for employer misconduct.
  • Requiring the OLRB to determine whether a vote or new vote would be a sufficient remedy, or whether the only sufficient remedy would be to certify the union.

Successor Rights

  • Repealing the regulation-making authority to expand successor rights to contract tendering for publicly-funded services such as homecare.

Structure of Bargaining Units

  • Repealing the power of the OLRB to review and consolidate newly certified bargaining units with existing bargaining units.
  • Empowering the OLRB to review the structure of bargaining units where the existing bargaining units are no longer appropriate for collective bargaining.

Return-to-work Rights

  • Returning to the six month limitation on an employee’s right to reinstatement following the start of a strike or lock-out.

First Collective Agreement Mediation and Mediation-Arbitration

  • Repealing the Bill 148 first collective agreement mediation and mediation-arbitration provisions and provisions for educational support.
  • Reinstating pre-Bill 148 conditions for access to first agreement arbitration (where it appears to the OLRB that collective bargaining has been unsuccessful for specified reasons).


  • Returning to the previous maximum fines for offences under the LRA by decreasing the fines from $5,000 to $2,000 for individuals and from $100,000 to $25,000 for organizations.

Streamlining and Improving Processes

  • Expanding and recognizing alternative means of communications under the Act (e.g., facsimile, e-mail) for various types of documents, and deeming the time of the release or receipt of the document.
  • Allowing the OLRB to make rules to expedite certain proceedings without the requirement of an order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council to establish a coming-into-force date for the rule.
  • Facilitating and requiring the publication of documents (collective agreements and arbitration awards) filed with the Minister, including publication on Government website.


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